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Natürliche Phänomene Geschichte und Kultur Klöster und Kirchen
Vihren peak
Region Blagoevgrad

The highest point in Pirin Planina which spreads in Southwestern Bulgaria, between the Struma and the Mesta rivers. It is 2914m high, which makes it the second highest peak in Bulgaria and third on the Balkans. In the past the peak was known as Eltepe, but...
Melnik Pyramids
Region Blagoevgrad

The Melnik Pyramids (Melnishki piramidi) are located on the southwestern approaches of Pirin Planina, in close proximity to Melnik (the smallest, but one of the most beautiful old towns in Bulgaria). These are stone and earth formations naturally shaped...
Stone Forest
Region Varna

One of the most unique phenomena, not just in Bulgaria but in the world as well. The sight is located near the Sea-resort Capital of Bulgaria - Varna. In truth, it resembles a forest of stone columns spreading around in area of 70 km?, hence the name -...
Magura cave
Region Vidin

The Magura cave is located in Northwestern Bulgaria, just 17 km from the town of Belogradchik. It is one of the longest caves in the country - the total length of uncovered passages is over 2500 m. It consists of one main gallery, pointing southeast-northwest ...
Belogradchik Rocks
Region Vidin

The town of Belogradchik gives its name to Bulgaria's most remarkable rock formations - The Belogradchik Rocks. This marvel of nature has been shaped and molded by rains, running waters and the wind for more than 200 million years, turning the stone into...
Ledenika cave
Region Vratsa

Located in the Northwest part of the Vratsa Balkan, Stara Planina mountain range. Its entrance is at the lowest part of the Ledenika land depression at 830 m altitude. The temperature varies between -7° C (in winter) and 15° C (in summer), but preserves at...
Bacho Kiro cave
Region Gabrovo

Bacho Kiro is one of the mostly visited caves in Bulgaria, partly because it’s just several hundred meters from one of the most popular sacred places in the country – the Dryanovo monastery. The chambers and passages caved in the limestone cliff construct a...
Cape Kaliakra
Region Dobrich

Cape Kaliakra is situated 60 km northeast from the proclaimed as sea-resort Capital of Bulgaria – Varna. The shore is 70 m high cliff leaning over the Black Sea. In translation the name means “beautiful cape”. Besides the southing horizon, here you can see...
The Seven Rila Lakes
Region Kyustendil

One of the most beautiful places in Bulgaria. Arranged along a terraced cirque at the north approaches of peak Dimka (in the northwest part of Rila Planina). They spread at 2100-2500m above sea level. Each of the lakes flows into the next, thus creating...
Sueva Dupka
Region Lovech

The cave is located in Northern Bulgaria at 520 m elevation, the nearest town Teteven being 25 km away. Total length of its galleries is 400 m. The cave is named after 2 brothers who rebelled against the Ottoman repressors and used it as a hiding place....
Snezhanka cave
Region Pazardzhik

Snezhanka is a rather small cave (only 145 m long), but it is exceptionally rich in speleothems. Elevation is 860 m, displacement 18. It is located 4km south-west of Peshtera on the left bank of the Novomahalenska river (Western Rhodopes). It is named after...
The Erma River Gorge
Region Pernik

The gorge is located 3 km downstream from Tran (a small town near the western border of Bulgaria with Serbia). The Erma river springs from Serbia, then enters in Bulgaria making it’s way through the Gorge and goes back into Serbian territory. Although not...
Botev peak
Region Plovdiv

Botev peak is the highest point in Stara Planina (2376 m elevation) and the 3rd in whole Bulgaria, following Musala (2925 m) and Vihren (2914 m). The peak is part of the Tsentralen Balkan Natioanal Park – one of the largest nature parks in Europe. In this...
The Srebarna Nature Reserve UNESCO
Region Silistra

The Srebarna Nature Reserve is a freshwater lake adjacent to the Danube, some 18 km west of Silistra. It is extending over 600 ha, plus 540 ha buffer zone. The water depth varies between 1-3 meters. The lake is located on the Via Pontica, a bird migration...
Sinite Kamani Nature Park
Region Sliven

The park Sinite Kamani (the Blue Stones) is part of Sliven Balkan, extending over 7000 ha. The name of the site comes from the quartz rock masiff in the area, accounting for the bluish colour of the landscape. The park area has tortuous relief, the lowest...
Musala peak
Region Sofia

Musala is the highest peak in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula, standing at 2,925 m. It is just 8 metres higher than its better known neighbour, Mount Olympus in Greece. The name derives from Mus Allah, the mountain of Allah, being so named during...
Uhlovitsa cave
Region Smolyan

The cave is some 3 kilometers south from Mogilitsa (village in the Southern Rhodopes(Rodopa planina) and adjacent to the border with Greece). It is one of the oldest caves in the region and appeals with the beauty of its dendroid forms resembling sea corals....
The Trigrad Gorge
Region Smolyan

The Trigrad Gorge is a spectacular river canyon, enclosing the course of the Trigrad River that runs into the Devil's Throat cave and 530 m further comes out as a large karst spring. It laters flows in to the Byunovska River. The gorge's west wall reaches...
Devil's Throat cave
Region Smolyan

This cave is named Devil's Throat (Dyavolsko garlo) because of a legend. The Trigradska river flows into the cave and as it seemed, that the water never reappeared - at least nothing thrown into the river ever reappeared - the locals called it Devil's...
Yagodina cave
Region Smolyan

One of the biggest caves on the Balkans is located 3 kilometers south-west of Yagodina village. The cave has five levels with total lenght 10 km. The temperature is stady 6°C throughout the year with 92% humidity, which makes it rather cold. This is a real ...
The Rose Valley
Region Stara Zagora

The Rose valley (Rozovata dolina) is a region in Bulgaria extending between Stara Planina and Sredna Gora mountains. Brought from India, through Persia, Syria and Turkey, the Rosa Damascena enjoys favorable climate conditions here – just right temperature,...


Natürliche Phänomene Geschichte und Kultur Klöster und Kirchen
Zheravna
Region Sliven

Zheravna is a village, some 16 km south-east of Kotel - town in the outskirts of the eastern range of Stara Planina. The village was settled in XII-XIV c. In 18th c. it became a cultural centre and gathering place for crafting arts. Today Zheravna is a...
Melnik - Kordopulov House
Region Blagoevgrad

The Kordopulov’s House is the largest Renaissance house on the Balkans which has been preserved till present days. Ironically, the house is in the smallest town in Bulgaria - Melnik. It was originally build to serve as wine–cellar and owned by a rather...
Samuil Fortress
Region Blagoevgrad

Samuil’s Fortress is located nearby a mystical village called Klyuch (Key), adjacent to the border with Macedonia. This site relates to a tragic moment from the history of Bulgaria. In 1014 in the battle at Belasitsa with the Byzantine army, the Bulgarian’s...
Ancient town of Sozopol
Region Bourgas

Sozopol is the oldest town on the Bulgarian Black Sea shores. The first settlement here dates back to the Bronze Age. Undersea explorations in the region of the port reveal relics of dwellings, ceramic pottery, stone and bone tools from that era. Many anchors ...
Ancient town of Nesebar UNESCO
Region Bourgas

Originally a Thracian settlement known as Menebria, the town became a Greek colony at the beginning of the 6th century BC, and was an important trading centre from then on. Remains from the Hellenistic period include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, and an...
Bukelon Fortress
Region Haskovo

Matochina is a village settlement on the bank of the Tundzha river, some 40 kilometers north-east of Svilengrad, in close proximity to the border with Turkey. From the nearby Fortress only the citadel remains. Best preserved are the defence tower near the...
Ancient Martsianopolis
Region Varna

Thousands of years ago, at the spring of the river named today Devnia, there was a large and important for its location Thracian village. The ancient Thracians considered this place to be blessed by the Gods, The numerous votive tablets of Thracian Gods that...
The Tsarevets Fortress in Veliko Tarnovo
Region Veliko Tarnovo

Tsarevets is a mediaeval stronghold located on a hill with the same name in Veliko Tarnovo (northern Bulgaria). It was settled in the 4th century and a Byzantine fortress was constructed near the end of the 5th century, on the grounds of which the...
Nikopolis ad Istrum
Region Veliko Tarnovo

Nikopolis ad Istrum is an ancient roman city, located some 20 kilometers away from Veliko Tarnovo, adjacent to the Rositsa river. It was constructed in the beginning of the 2nd century AC by the emperor Trayanus after the victory over the Dacian tribe. It...
Arbanasi
Region Veliko Tarnovo

Arbanasi is a unique village, settled on a high plateau just 4 kilometers from Veliko Tarnovo (Capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom). It is known for the rich history and large number of historical monuments, such as medieval churches and examples...
Baba Vida Castle
Region Vidin

Baba Vida is the only fully preserved medieval fortress in Bulgaria. It served both as military stronghold and feudal castle for the city of Vidin. The fortress is erected at the waterfront of the Danube, in the farthest north-western part of Bulgaria. Its...
The Radetzki steamboat
Region Vratsa

The steamer Radetzky relates to one of the most epic events in the history of Bulgaria – the April Uprising in 1976, which triggered a sequence of events leading to the liberation of Bulgaria from the 5-decade suppression of the Ottoman rule. This is a...
Ethnographic Museum Etara
Region Gabrovo

The Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex (usually referred to as Etara) is an open-air museum 8 km south of Gabrovo in northern Bulgaria that presents the Bulgarian customs, culture and craftsmanship. It has an area of 7 ha and contains a total of 50...
Tryavna
Region Gabrovo

Tryavna is a town in central Bulgaria, located near Gabrovo. It is famous for its textile industry and typical National Revival craftsmanship and architecture, featuring 140 cultural monuments, museums and expositions. Especially interesting is Daskalov’s...
Botanic garden in Balchik
Region Dobrich

The Balchik Palace is located in the Bulgarian Black Sea town and resort Balchik, Southern Dobrudzha. It was constructed between 1926 and 1937, during the Romanian rule of the region to serve as summer residence to Queen Marie of Romania. The palace complex...
Thracian tomb Tatul
Region Kardzhali

The Tatul tomb is situated just outside the present-day village of Tatul, 8km to northeast of the town of Momchilgrad. The sanctuary lies inside the fortress walls of a Thracian fortress and is believed to have been dedicated to the famous Thracian singer,...
Hisarya - Roman Fortress
Region Plovdiv

Hisarya (also spelled Hisar, meaning fortress in Turkish) is a small resort town in Bulgaria, in the Plovdiv Region. Located in the outskirts of the Sredna Gora mountain range, it boasts of a very mild climate and over two dozen different mineral springs,...
Panagyurishte
Region Pazardzhik

Panagyurishte is a town in Pazardzhik Province, western Bulgaria. The town is situated in a small valley in Sashtinska Sredna Gora. It is about 90 kilometers east of Sofia and some 43 km north of Pazardzhik. Its name is from Greek origin and means a fair...
Batak
Region Pazardzhik

Batak is a town in Southern Bulgaria. It is located in Pazardzhik Province and is close to the town of Peshtera. This town relates to one of the most epic events in the history of Bulgaria. Practically the whole population of Batak took part in the April...
Pleven Panorama
Region Pleven

Pleven Epopee 1877, more commonly known as Pleven Panorama, is a panorama located in Pleven, city in northern Bulgaria, depicting the events of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78, specifically the five-month Siege of Pleven which made the city internationally ...
Roman amphitheatre in Plovdiv
Region Plovdiv

Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities of Europe, being older than Rome, Athens, and Constantinople. The first traces of civilization at the place date from the Mycenaean period (8000 years ago). Known at the time as a Thracian fortified settlement named...
Old Plovdiv
Region Plovdiv

The Old Plovdiv was made a reservation because of the characteristic features of the National Revival architecture houses, concentrated of the Three Hills - Nebet Tepe, Dzhambaz Tepe and Teksim Tepe. With their impressive appearance, magnificent internal...
Perushtitsa
Region Plovdiv

Perushtitsa is a Bulgarian town located in the Plovdiv Region at the northern approaches of the Rhodopes mountain range. The town is famous throughout Bulgaria for the fight that took place there in 1876 during the April Uprising against the Ottoman reign....
Fortress of Ivan Asen II
Region Plovdiv

The fortress is situated on large cliff hanging over the left bank of the Asenitsa River, 3 kilometers south of Asenovgrad. The original stronghold on this site was build by the Thracians in 5th - 4th c.B.C and quickly attained strategic significance. Under...
Thracian tomb Sveshtari UNESCO
Region Razgrad

The Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari is situated 2.5 km southwest of the village of Sveshtari, which is located 42 km northeast of Razgrad. Since 1985 the Tomb of Sveshtari was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Discovered in 1982, the 3rd century BC...
Medzhidi Tabia Fortress
Region Silistra

Medzhidi Tabia is the most well preserved stronghold from the defense system of the Ottoman Empire. The construction of the fortress started in order to meet the necessity of additional defensive structures on the coast of the Danube – a natural frontier of...
National Palace Of Culture
Region Sofia Town

The National Palace of Culture (NDK), located in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is the largest multifunctional congress, conference, convention and exhibition centre in Southeastern Europe. It has 8 stories and 3 underground levels, with 13 halls and 55...
Koprivshtitsa
Region Sofia

Koprivshtitsa is a historic town in the Sofia Province of Bulgaria, lying on the Topolnitsa River among the Sredna Gora mountain. It was a centre of the April Uprising in 1876 and is now known for its authentic vernacular architecture and for its folk music...
The Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak UNESCO
Region Stara Zagora

The Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak is a vaulted brickwork beehive (tholos) tomb near the town of Kazanlak in central Bulgaria. The tomb is part of a large Thracian necropolis - Seuthopolis. The monument dates back to the 4th century BC and has been on the UNESCO...
Shipka - Stoletov Monoment
Region Stara Zagora

The Shipka Monument is a memorial to those who died for the Liberation of Bulgaria during the Battles of Shipka in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). It is located on Peak Stoletov in Stara Planina, central Bulgaria, and was opened with a ceremony in 1934 and ...
Deaf Stones cult site
Region Haskovo

The Deaf Stones (Gluhite kamani) is a cult site several kilometers from the village of Malko Gradishte. It represents an isolated 30-meter high rock, and number of smaller ones in which the so-called rock bays are engraved at different height. They are one of ...
Thracian tomb near Mezek
Region Haskovo

The tomb was found in 1909, some 10 kilometers from Svilengrad. It dates to 4 century BC and probably belonged to a Thracian ruler. It is consider to be the biggest beehive tomb (Mycenaean style) discovered so far. The architecture is unique - it is composed...
Shumen Fortress
Region Shumen

Just 3 kilometers west of the modern town Shumen lay the ruins of what use to be a great Bulgarian fortress. The first settlement on the site is of Thracian origin and dates to XII c.BC. Later on it fell under the power of Rome. At that time the first...
Pliska - 1st Capital of Bulgaria
Region Shumen

Pliska was the capital of Bulgaria between 681 and 893 AD. According to a Bulgarian chronicle, it was founded by Khan Asparuh on the place of Slavic settlement. It had an area of 23 km? and was surrounded by a moat and earthwork ramparts. The walls of the...
The Madara Rider UNESCO
Region Shumen

The Madara Rider (Madarski konnik) is a large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau east of Shumen in northeastern Bulgaria. The relief depicts a majestic horseman 23 m above ground level in an almost vertical 100-metre-high cliff. The horseman is...
Great Preslav - the 2nd Capital of Bulgaria
Region Shumen

Preslav was capital of the First Bulgarian Empire from 893 to 972. The ruins of the city are situated some 20 kilometres southwest of the regional city of Shumen and are currently a National Archaelogical Reserve. The name of Preslav is clearly of Slavic...
The ancient town of Kabile
Region Yambol

The remains of what used to be the most significat Thracian city now lay 7 kilometers north of the town of Yambol. Kabile was established at the end of the 2nd millenium BC as sanctuary of Artemida. Around 341 BC, the town was conquered by Philip of...
Kakrinsko hanche
Region Lovech

The Inn of Kakrina village (Kakrinsko Hanche) is one of the most memorable places relating to the Bulgarian starvation for freedom from the Ottoman oppressor. It was a hiding place for distinguished revolutionaries, who were using it as shelter and committee...


Natürliche Phänomene Geschichte und Kultur Klöster und Kirchen
Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo UNESCO
Region Ruse

The Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo are a group of churches, chapels and monasteries hewn out of solid rock and completely different from other monastery complexes in Bulgaria, located near the village of Ivanovo, 20 km south of Ruse, on the high rocky banks of ...
Church of Saints Teodor Tiron & Teodor Stratilat
Region Blagoevgrad

The church was founded in 1614 with the support of wealthy benefactors from Dobarsko, an isolated village in the heart of Rila Mountain. The most notable of them was a man by the name of Hasiya, who had visited Jerusalem and brought back soil from the sacred...
Rozhen Monastery
Region Blagoevgrad

The Rozhen Monastery (Rozhenski Manastir) is the biggest monastery in the Pirin Planina in southwestern Bulgaria. It is one of the few medieval Bulgarian monasteries well preserved until today. According to sources from Mount Athos, it was built in 890. A...
The sacred place Rupite
Region Blagoevgrad

Rupite is a small mountainous protected area in the southeastern part Blagoevgrad Province, some 10 kilometres northeast of Petrich, on the right bank of the Struma River. It is best known as the place where the Bulgarian prophet Baba Vanga (1911-1996) lived...
Aladzha Rock Monastery
Region Varna

Aladzha Monastery is a cave monastery situated about 15 kilometers from Varna and just few kilometers south of the Riviera Holiday Club and Zlatni Pyasatsi sea resorts. Aladzha, in Turkish, means picturesque and probably the name comes from the colorful rock...
Preobrazhenski Monastery
Region Veliko Tarnovo

Preobrazhenski monastery is one of the largest Bulgarian monasteries erected at a picturesque site, some 7 kilometers from the former capital of Bulgaria – Veliko Tarnovo. It was built in the mid of the 14th century, patronized by Tsar Ivan Aleksandar and his ...
Dryanovo monastery
Region Gabrovo

The Dryanovo monastery (Dryanovski manastir) is a functioning Bulgarian Orthodox monastery situated in the Andaka River Valley in the central part of Bulgaria, 5 kilometers away from the town of Dryanovo. It was founded in the 12th century, during the Second...
Rila Monastery UNESCO
Region Kyustendil

The Rila Monastery (Rilski manastir) is the largest and most famous Eastern Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria. It is situated in the northwestern Rila Planina, 117 km south of the capital Sofia, at elevation of 1147 m above sea level. It is traditionally...
Troyanski Monastery
Region Lovech

The Monastery of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary or the Troyanski Monastery (as it is more commonly called) is the third largest monastery in Bulgaria. It is located in the northern part of the country and was founded no later than the end of the 16th...
Glozhene Monastery
Region Lovech

The Glozhene Monastery (Glozhenski manastir) is an active Eastern Orthodox monastery located on the northern slopes of Stara Planina, near the village of Glozhene, 12 km from Teteven. Unlike other monasteries in Bulgaria, it is not hidden in the depths of...
Cathedral Church in Pazardzhik
Region Pazardzhik

The Church of St. Bogoroditsa is a cathedral church with a nave and two aisles, which was built in 1836-37. Today, it is one of the symbols of Pazardzhik and the larges church from the Bulgarian Revival period. It preserves some of the most remarkable icons...
Bachkovo Monastery
Region Plovdiv

The Bachkovo Monastery (Bachkovski manastir) is one of the largest and oldest Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Europe and is directly subordinate to the Holy Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. It is located on the right bank of the Chepelare River, 89 km ...
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Region Sofia Town

The St.Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (hram-pametnik Sveti Aleksandar Nevski) is a Bulgarian Orthodox cathedral in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It was build in honor of Alexander II The Liberator and the Russian soldiers who died during the Russo-Turkish War...
The Church of St Sophia
Region Sofia Town

The Church of St Sophia (Sveta Sofia) is the second oldest church in the Bulgarian capital Sofia. The church was built on the site of several earlier churches and places of worship dating back to the days when it was the necropolis of the Roman town of...
Synagogue in Sofia
Region Sofia Town

The Sofia Synagogue is the 3rd largest synagogue in Europe and can easily accommodate over 1 000 worshippers. Constructed after a project by an Austrian architect, it resembles the Stadttempel synagogue in Vienna and was opened on 9 September 1909 in the...
Russian Church of Sveti Nikolay
Region Sofia Town

The Church of Sveti Nikolay, more commonly known as the Russian Church is a Russian Orthodox church-building in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. Constructed in 1913 the church's architecture is in typical Moscow style. It was built specifically for the...
Shipka Memorial Church
Region Stara Zagora

The Shipka Memorial Church is a Bulgarian Orthodox church built near the town of Shipka in Stara Planina between 1885 and 1902 in seventeenth century Russian style. It is, together with the other parts of the Shipka Monument complex, dedicated to the Russian...
Tombul Mosque
Region Shumen

The Sherif Halil Pasha Mosque, more commonly known as the Tombul Mosque, located in Shumen, is the largest mosque in Bulgaria and the second largest in the Balkans. Built between 1740 and 1744, it was initially located in the northeastern Bulgarian (then...


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